Tirpitz was the second Bismarck class battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, sister ship of Bismarck, named after Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz. She was the largest battleship ever built in Europe, with dimensions slightly exceeding those of her sister ship.
In contrast to Bismarck's short but active career in the Atlantic, Tirpitz spent most of World War II in various bases in German-occupied Norway, where her mere presence was a threat to the Allies, tying up significant naval forces Due to her role deployment, she was dubbed the "Lonely Queen of the North" ("Den ensomme Nordens Dronning") by the Norwegians and much less poetic "The Beast" by Winston Churchill. Tirpitz never fired at an enemy ship, and participated in one combat operation which was the only time she fired against enemy ground targets. From 1943 onwards, she was the target of numerous Allied raids and attacks. On 12 November 1944 Royal Air Force Avro Lancaster heavy bombers bombed and sank Tirpitz at her moorings.